Archive | September 2010

Hot Links for Brain-Based Research

There are two resources I have located that discuss the importance of brain-based research in relationship to curriculum design.

The first is Brains.org. The address is http://www.brains.org/. In addition to learning information about how the brain works, information is available regarding the various social and emotional nuances that influence the brain and how it operates. Conditions such as substance abuse, autism, and caffeine are discussed.

The second is an article by Leslie Owens Wilson titled, “What’s the big attraction? Why teachers are drawn to using multiple intelligence theory in the classroom. In this article, Dr. Wilson discusses the emergence and neccessity of considering multiple intelligences traits as classroom teachers are preparing for direct instruction. While she understands the importance of this theory for teachers, she is concerned about how the information is processed and applied. She suggests that in order to develop instructional strategies that are appropriate and engage the various intelligences, teachers must have a clear understanding of this philosophy and be committed to its integration. The link to this article is http://www.newhorizons.org/strategies/mi/wilson1.htm.

Iona’s Instructional Design Tips….

I have discovered three very good resources for those of you who are interested in expanding your knowledge regarding Instructional Design. Below, I have provided an annotated bibliography for each. Enjoy! Iona

Norman Friesen composed an article entitled: Interoperability and Learning Objects: An Overview of E-Learning Standardization. In this study, Friesen discusses the importance of establishing standards when developing tools and content for online courses. Specifically, he is concerned with the tools, resources, content, and operability of e-learning systems. In the paper, he takes a critical look at three systems and discusses the ‘standardization’ of each. They are the IMS Global Consortium, the IEEE LTSC (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Learning Technology Standards Committee), and the ISO/IEC (International Standards Organization/International Electrotechnical Commission). Friesen discusses how while each adds value to the world of E-Learning, they all lack a standard in which they develop and present information. You can access this article by going to http://ijklo.org/Volume1/v1p023-031Friesen.pdf.

The second article is authored by Thomas Reeves, Jan Herrington, and Ron Oliver. It is entitled Design Research: A Socially Responsible Approach to Instructional Technology Research in Higher Education. In this article, the authors discuss the general guidelines that should be followed when researchers and other scholars are conducting research on the integration of technology in higher education. Additionally, they provide general guidelines to assist researchers in this process. The authors suggest that the primary focus should be on content. Once the content/curricula is fully developed then the appropriate technology is identified and utilized. This article can be accessed at http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.110.652&rep=rep1&type=pdf.

The final article is A Study of the Design and Evaluation of a Learning Object and Implications for Content Development. The authors Ferdinand Krauss and Mohamed Ally report on a case study that examine the process and evaluation of a learning object to help students understand the therapeutic principles of drug administration. Overall, the researchers attempted to identify appropriate learning strategies that can be most effectively utilized with a specific learning object. The findings indicate that instructional designers must have a firm understanding of learning theories and cognition in order to design resources and materials that meet the needs of all learners. This article can be accessed at http://ijklo.org/Volume1/v1p001-022Krauss.pdf.